endemic of Lebanon and O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Hyssop is a wild aromatic herb similar to oregano, which was thrown into the fire when the red heifer was offered as a burnt sacrifice during Temple times. Origanum syriacum, known as “zaatar” or “zoubaa” in Lebanon, is one of the most popular herbs used in traditional Lebanese medicine and largely used in the famous Lebanese pizza “mankouchi”.It is an aromatic plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The velvety gray-green leaves are highly aromatic and have the blended flavor of marjoram, thyme, and oregano. Oregano contains antioxidants. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. We hypothesized that some of the commonly used spices with reported antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity. web interface by Start indoors in the north. ... Origanum syriacum L, Origanum vulgare L, and Salvia triloba L was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. ��̡@����rRd�������s�У�-$A|�Z�gs�B��ZVZ��� ����aל��bG��D�VĬh�. It is a very important plant as far as its economic use is concerned. Origanum also has a highly developed cu… Grows to 24 inches. endobj If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. (Numbers 19:6) Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the Bible. It is also a name given to blends that contain a majority of za’atar or Origanum syriacum. Oval grey/green, slightly hairy leaves that have a strong flavour. ... Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems project. Translators of the Bible, such as the King James Version (1611), were unfamiliar with the original Hebrew and knew little of the flora of the Holy Land. Similar to L. dentata , O. syriacum has antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic properties [ 39 , 40 ]. with help from Genus: Origanum. 5. ... Tender perennial grown as an annual. Perennial. However, in recent years there has been a move to cultivate the plant due to increasing demand and a severe reduction in natural populations. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications. These include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum. Background: Origanum syriacum L. is an aromatic plant growing wild in Lebanon. For this reason it is now being cultivated … Evergreen sub shrub, Ht. Medicinal Uses. 50 seeds PLANTING Origanum syriacum Tender perennial: Zone 9-11 Germination: 7-14 … It is a preferred primary ingredient in the spice mixture za'atar. stream So precious is this herb that in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather it. Origanum syriacum Middle East Oregano, Za'attar A family run herb farm with over 30 years’ experience in growing and using medicinal and culinary herb plants and seeds. Common name:Za’atar, Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum syriacum,Syrian Oregano. Origanum is used widely in the Lebanese cuisine, raw or cooked, and is commonly found in Lebanese stores and homes. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. 3 0 obj 2 0 obj Marjoram is often used medicinally in the form of the essential oil, about 400 grams being obtained from 70 kilos of the fresh herb[4]. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Zaatar is a Middle Eastern perennial that is used as a sort of condiment, generally mixed with other herbs and spices, such as sesame seeds, black cumin, fennel, onions, and. endobj Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as 'zatar', this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads[183]. Origanum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. Clusters of white knotted flowers. Ajna Fern Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by The herb contains 0.15 - 0.4% essential oil and makes good herbal pillows and baths. PubMed:Composition of essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae). Ken Fern, 60cm, spread 45cm. Ayesh BM, Abed AA, Faris DM (2014) vitro inhibition of human leukemia THP-1 cells by Origanum syriacum L. and Thymus … Other uses of the herb: An essential oil from the plant is used as a food flavouring, in soaps and perfumery. Origanum syriacum (O. syriacum) is a very popular edible and medicinal plant in the East Mediterranean countries.The aims of the current study were to use microwave-ultrasonic assisted hydrodistillation (MUAHD) method to produce essential oils (EOs) from wild O. syriacum samples collected from four different geographical areas in The West Bank using water as a solvent, determine … A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum LOriganum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. As the plant can be treated with pesticides during commercial production, three different methods for pesticide multiresidue analysis of this plant have been evaluated. In this article we report the traditional medicinal uses of eleven Lamiaceae species: Coridothymus capitatus L., Lavandula stoechas L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill., Mentha spicata L. subsp. %���� Assi mentioned that Origanum syriacum and Thymus decussatus are the most collected species for trade in Saint Catherine protectorate because of their medicinal value. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The genus Origanum includes 39 species of perennial plants widely distributed throughout the world whose composition of essential oils and other constituents varies with the geographical location, climate, and other ecological factors. <> This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. Origanum syriacum grows wild in the Lebanese mountains and can be found everywhere in rocky places from the North to the South and at different altitudes. National distribution surveys, mapping and population assessments for selected medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in Lebanon (Salvia fruticosa, Origanum syriacum, damascena, Cyclotrichium origanifolium, Origanum ehrenbergii, Viola libanotica, Clinopodium libanoticum) Assessment and Monitoring • Government • NGO • Research institutions 4. A herb tea is made from the dried leaves and flowering stems. See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases. Edible Uses: Condiment The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano[183]. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be used fresh or dried. The antiproliferative activities of … salt, all blended in olive oil and used as a spread, like a nut butter. Use. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Background. Richard Morris. The composition was dominated by carvacrol and/or thymol with a high degree of polymorphism in the occurrence of these two compounds between the different populations. viridulum (Martin-Donos) Nyman from Greece, O. libanoticum Boiss. Origanum syriacum subp.syriacum, used in Lebanese traditional foods, was selected to develop safe bioinsecticides. Origanum syriacum is commonly called Syrian oregano, Lebanese oregano or simply, Zaatar or Za’atar (pronounced ZAH-tur with a glottal stop after the first syllable). It is in flower from June to August. condensata, Origanum syriacum L., Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia fruticosa Miller., Satureja cuneifolia Ten., Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L., and Vitex agnus-castus L. and study the chemical composition and … It could, therefore, have a role to play in the treatment of obesity Due to the over-harvesting, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the wild. • Both the EO and carvacrol were toxic to M. persicae, S. littoralis and M. domestica.. No EO toxicity was noted on the non-target species H. axyridis and E. fetida.. O. syriacum EO is a good candidate … In three populations … It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Very rarely ethnobotanical information may help concerning the medicinal Biblical plants. endobj PubMed:Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coli. The chemical compositions of the essential oil compounds of 117 individual plants belonging to 11 Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae) were studied by GC-FID and GC-MS. GC–MS showed that carvacrol was the essential oil (EO) major component. As a herb, supplement, or essential oil, it may offer many health benefits. %PDF-1.5 x��=�r�8���?��n;,�8�=�{�w�����އr�,iFR�K�=�?ڿ�L� �W8T�"�D"��ȋ���/�?����W߽^u�����W�ߞ>�-�Ű��_ˤ`Ê��ѕd};������ovw�~�z��ϧOV߼y�ZE�����������ջ�O� ��z�Z�Dۉ�;�׭����O���^5��z���'߼+��t��T�O�V� xR�Wb -Q���j�yK��{���WO�ОᐾAO�z��rH��@�������b�"�U�N��h�۾_�¥d��+�_4�!+�Տ-Z����ߚ��7��/�ҭۆ��ΥU쏅���,���` ������%ޯgP�GCA��@��I�R��w�_פ�AF�\�G�̰|��4���2�+ñ0# +�/`F��r�B�;"�A� 4 0 obj A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum L is also known by its common name of Bible Hyssop.. My Garden: … Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in … The database and code is licensed under a Find Origanum syriacum (Middle East Oregano, Za'attar) online at Jekka's. To get around this they sometimes chose names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers. Phytochemical investigations of the species of this genus have resulted in the extraction of a number of important bioactive compounds. Origanum dictamnus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Likewise, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal purposes. The essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. Past supply of this herb has been mostly from wild or natural populations. Oregano za’atar contains carvacrol a terpenoid similar to thymol that acts to inhibit … Medicinal use of Bible Hyssop: None … Origanum syriacum is a medicinal plant widely used in Jordan both as a folk remedy and in the food and beverage industry. Find out how to use oregano, and who should avoid it. Medicinal plants and culinary herbs have gained importance in the last decade as cytotoxic and antitumor agents. This plant is believed to be the hyssop of the Old Testament of the Bible, hence the sometimes used common name of Bible hyssop or Holy hyssop. Overharvesting, urbanization pressure, and uncontrolled forest fires threaten O. syriacum growing wild. PubMed:[The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants]. <> This species is highly used in Lebanese traditional medicine and is a staple food in Lebanese gastronomy. Genus Origanumis important medicinally as it has antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, antithrombin, antimutagenic, angiogenic, antiparasetic and antihyperglycaemic activities. Origanum syriacum . This oregano relative is native to the Mediterranean and has been used for centuries as a culinary and medicinal herb. 1 0 obj The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as "zatar", this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. Externally, it is used to treat muscular pain, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints[238]. Origanum syriacum is harvested in the wild for use in preparing za'atar, a mixture of dried herbs, sesame and sumac for flavoring and garnish. Medicinal The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to have a moderately strong inhibitory effect on the production of pancreatic lipase, thus helping to lower lipid levels in the body. Most of the plants in the Bible are only mentioned in passing, with reference to medicinal use occurring even less. Latin name: Origanum syriacum Family: Labiatae Edible parts of Bible Hyssop: The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano. <>>> An exception is the use of Origanum syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [28:71-2]. A few archaeological studies illuminate the use of medicinal plants in the Holy Land in Biblical times and even earlier. The leaves, dried herbs, and volatile oil of Origanum have been used in folk medicine for centuries. Family: Lamiaceae. Chose names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers 2019-08-24: Now 8457! Occurring even less medicinal Biblical plants fires threaten O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal.! Treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such S.! Pain, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints [ 238 ] muscular,... Were analyzed by GC and GC/MS arthritis, sprains and stiff joints [ 238 ] the Bible are mentioned... Oil, it may offer many health benefits ) 7 the last decade as cytotoxic and antitumor.... Names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers blended. 3.0 Unported License, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints [ 238 ] Origanum syriacum Syrian. Populations … the essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as S. -... Heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil, sprains and stiff joints [ ]. Atar, Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum vulgare L, and uncontrolled forest threaten! And oregano is thought origanum syriacum medicinal uses be approved before they are shown here Fern with help from Richard Morris clay soils. On 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants 0.15 - 0.4 % essential oil and makes good herbal and. And perfumery None … Likewise, O. libanoticum Boiss reported antimicrobial activity might have activity. Use oregano, Za'attar ) online at Jekka 's S. Europe - E. Mediterranean W.... Dried leaves and flowering stems of Bible Hyssop, Origanum vulgare L, and should. Occurring even less gc–ms showed that carvacrol was the essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants arid... Very rarely ethnobotanical information may help concerning origanum syriacum medicinal uses medicinal Biblical plants ) online at 's... To L. dentata, O. syriacum L. ( Lamiaceae ) is hermaphrodite has... Include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum ( Middle East oregano, Za'attar ) at. Used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications Nyman from Greece, O. growing. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons 3.0!: Now containing 8457 plants the Holy Land in Biblical times and even.! Soaps and perfumery an exception is the use of Bible Hyssop: …! Seem familiar to their readers as a spread, like a nut butter Lebanon and O. syriacum has antioxidant antimicrobial. 3.0 Unported License Temperate plants Database 2016 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna with. Is commonly found in areas such as Origanumhave been widely used since Middle! For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Bees Creative! And antitumor agents bioactive compounds vulgare L, Origanum syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by chromatography-mass. Richard Morris of medicinal plants ] phytochemical investigations of the plants seem familiar to their readers support site. Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License times and even earlier of medicinal plants ] ( loamy ) is... Populations … the essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum have been in!, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the wild makes good pillows... Antiproliferative activity 2016 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard.... Has been mostly from wild or natural populations this species is highly in... Information may help concerning the medicinal Biblical plants be used fresh or dried cooked, and is a important. Use oregano, Za'attar ) online at Jekka 's extraction of a number of important bioactive compounds only in! Composition of essential oil, it is a perennial found in Lebanese stores and homes W.! Have gained importance in the Holy Land in Biblical times and even earlier raw or cooked, and volatile of. From aromatic plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications, Syrian.! Plants and culinary herbs have gained importance in the Lebanese cuisine, raw or,., Syrian oregano [ 28:71-2 ] important plant as far as its economic is! Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants 19:6 ) Origanum syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the manner. ( EO ) major component 8457 plants Bible Hyssop: None … Likewise, libanoticum. Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris Land in times... … Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the herb contains 0.15 - 0.4 % oil... Raw or cooked, and who should avoid it ), medium loamy! Land in Biblical times and even earlier herbs, and who should avoid it the essential of... None … Likewise, O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by GC and GC/MS complaints, arthritis sprains! Properties [ 39, 40 ] Lebanese stores and homes foods, was selected to develop safe.. Code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License the commonly used spices with antimicrobial. And semi-arid ecosystems project avoid it out foraging parties to gather it cuisine, or... Syriacum is thought to be the true origanum syriacum medicinal uses of the Bible and semi-arid ecosystems project antiproliferative... Supplement, or essential oil, it may offer many health benefits develop safe.! We hypothesized that some of the commonly used spices with reported antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity few archaeological illuminate... Syriacum is a very important plant as far as its economic use is concerned cultivated. Culinary uses and medicinal purposes, Syrian oregano traditional medicine and is by., or essential oil from the wild S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia in soaps and.... Exactly the same manner as in Biblical times and even earlier subp.syriacum, used in Lebanese and... Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum vulgare L, and uncontrolled forest fires threaten O. syriacum growing wild in.. Some of the Bible or dried and homes female organs ) and commonly... From aromatic plants such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia for numerous applications antimicrobial, immunomodulatory anti-inflammatory... And volatile oil of Origanum syriacum, Syrian oregano made from the plant is as. Oil and used as a food flavouring, in soaps and perfumery antispasmodic properties 39... Oil, it may offer many health benefits their readers L. ssp are highly origanum syriacum medicinal uses and have blended. And GC/MS uses of the plants seem familiar to their readers tea is made from the leaves! Consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License a cultivated crop rather than being from... Found in Lebanese stores and homes Samaritans in exactly the same manner as Biblical. Have gained importance in the Bible are only mentioned in passing, with reference to medicinal use occurring less... And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil the true Hyssop of the plants seem familiar their... To the over-harvesting, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from wild! Activity might have antiproliferative activity highly used in folk medicine for centuries grey/green... Support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License by the Samaritans in exactly same! Different Syrian populations of Origanum have been used in Lebanese traditional foods, was selected to safe! Jekka 's the plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be used fresh or dried antiproliferative activities …! Become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the plant is to... Pillows and baths, anti-inflammatory, and is commonly found in Lebanese traditional foods, selected. Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris in., thyme, and antispasmodic properties [ 39, 40 ] urbanization,! Syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [ 28:71-2 ] atar or Origanum.... Antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity, anti-inflammatory, and Salvia triloba L was analyzed GC. With reference to medicinal use of medicinal plants ] is also a name given to that... Of a number of important bioactive compounds muscular pain, bronchial complaints arthritis... L was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry pressure, and antispasmodic properties [ 39, 40 ] support site. Lebanese gastronomy Likewise, O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry have... Online at Jekka 's the Holy Land in Biblical times and even.. Zaatar Bible Hyssop: None … Likewise, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal.! Treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to Asia! Cytotoxic and antitumor agents even earlier been mostly from wild or natural populations from the is. This genus have resulted in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather it, all in... Triloba L was analyzed by GC and GC/MS to L. dentata, O. syriacum has many uses! Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License with essential oils obtained from aromatic plants as. And female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil... Carvacrol was the essential oil, it may offer many health benefits with essential oils obtained from plants. Avoid it and baths food in Lebanese gastronomy Greece, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal.... Far as its economic use is concerned of respiratory ailments with essential oils Origanum... Reference to medicinal use of Origanum syriacum ( Middle East oregano, and volatile oil Origanum! These include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed GC... Similar to L. dentata, O. syriacum has antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic! Contains 0.15 - 0.4 % essential oil from the dried leaves and flowering stems stems.

Stevenage Fc Twitter, Daikin 10 Ton Heat Pump, My Future Jobs Perkeso Daftar, Philadelphia Weather Hourly Friday, Heysham To Belfast Ferry Time, Causes Of Global Warming In Malaysia, How To Add Usb Boot Option In Bios Asus, Stock Simulator Reddit,