Code Ann. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Beach vitex, man hyung ja (Korea), hamagou (Japanese), dan ye man jing (Chinese) Habitat and Description. Fig. Beach and simpleleaf vitex have been considered a single, highly variable species (Vitex rotundifolia). Published in furtherance of Acts of Congress, May 8 and June 30, 1914. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native … The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Seeds float and can be carried in longshore currents and waves to other beaches. 3. Atlanta, Ga.: Southern Nursery Association. . On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Very little research has been done to evaluate the effectiveness of herbicides on beach vitex. Beach Vitex grows so aggressively that during the 60 day incubation time many turtle nests are overgrown, entrapping the hatchlings. Price: $1.80. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach … Unmanaged, Beach Vitex quickly dominates the dune habitat producing a monoculture that can impede sea turtle nesting and shorebird foraging and exacerbate storm erosion; a multi-year effort due to this plant’s prolific seed production and quick regrowth. James (Ed. This publication may be copied and distributed without alteration for nonprofit educational purposes provided that credit is given to the Mississippi State University Extension Service. This refers to the round shape of the leaves. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. Google. Currently, beach vitex is not regulated in the U.S. Beach Vitex is an invasive plant that spreads rapidly and poses a threat to native plants and animals. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. Common Name: BEACH VITEX. Imazapyr (Habitat) was effective either applied as foliage spray or as a cut stem treatment. Beach vitex is a prolific seed producer but can also spread from stem (runner) fragments (Figure 2). The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. National Genetic Resources Program. Problems Caused Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980’s. Its natural habitat is a sandy beach where it works as a natural prevention against soil erosion. Questions about equal opportunity programs or compliance should be directed to the Office of Compliance and Integrity. Since its introduction in the 1980s, this Pacific Rim native has invaded many fragile beach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. The easiest and safest way to eradicate beach vitex is a two step process involving cutting the stems just above groundline and immediately applying a Habitat (imazapyr) herbicide to the cut surface. Globally, it is present in both tropical (where it is evergreen) and temperate (deciduous) climatic regions. Beach vitex is scientifically known as Vitex rotundifolia.The scientific name is Latin meaning round leaf. Product Description. Beach vitex is still sold and used as an ornamental, which is another means of dispersal. This invasive shrub, the seeds of which are dispersed by the sea, grows on the shores of the Mediterranean, Central Asia, India, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the Pacific Islands. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Discrimination in university employment, programs, or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S. veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. In addition to threatening natural sand dune plant communities, beach vitex degrades endangered loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta L.) nesting habitat as well as habitat for the federally threatened plant, seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus Raf.). Habitat: Terrestrial; sand dunes and beaches Growth Habit: Perennial Shrub Native Environment: Asia to Australia AKA: Roundleaf vitex: Introduction. Most beach vitex stems can be cut with lopping shears; however, the larger stems may require a limbing saw. It has a main taproot from which the runners (stolons) extend in a radiating pattern, like a skinny-legged starfish. Leaves are 2 inches long and 1.5 inch wide. Prior to its intoduction to … Plants should be removed before fruit ripening to avoid seed dispersal. Copyright 2019 by Mississippi State University. §25-61-19. It is found at low elevations on beaches, sand dunes, and rocky shorelines (HNPPD, 2001). As an obligate seashore shrub, beach vitex grows along rocky and sandy shorelines and coastal areas up to fifty feet above sea level. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. With all foliar treatments, a nonionic surfactant should be added to the spray solution at 1–2 quarts per 100 gallons spray solution. 2005. Vitex rotundifolia. All rights reserved. Beach vitex is reported to be native to Indo-Malaysia and Hawaii, but it is found from China, Taiwan, and Japan south to Malaysia, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Australia, the Pacific Islands, and Hawaii. The Mississippi State University Extension Service is working to ensure all web content is accessible to all users. No physical control methods are widely used in the United States. Habitat Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in the Carolinas … Leaf arrangement is opposite (Figure 3). The herbicides listed in Table 1 are effective for controlling a wide range of woody broadleaf and some grassy plants. We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. Beach vitex is in the mint family. The South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force has documented beach vitex at more than 115 locations along the South Carolina coast. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Severely alters native habitat by dominating primary dune areas with dense, sprawling, perennial, woody cover (Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013). Size: NT Premium. Beach vitex is highly salt and drought-tolerant (GRI, 2006) and grows best in full sun and sandy or well-drained soils (SCNPS, undated). Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. It has since Stems root along their length, forming a mat on the sand. There are approximately 250 species of vitex ranging from temperate to tropical habitats. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Beach vitex is still sold and used as an ornamental, which is another means of dispersal. 2010. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. History of beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental (PDF | 2.34 MB). The stems are hairy at … This research focused on controlling beach vitex with foliar or cut stem applications of herbicides. Field and Greenhouse Trials Objective: To evaluate selected herbicides for beach vitex control. Mississippi State University is an equal opportunity institution. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. Since that time, the effort to control Beach vitex has expanded to include North Carolina, and more recently, … Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), a deciduous, woody vine from the Pacific Rim now invading the South Carolina coastlines, is also damaging turtle nesting sites. However, simpleleaf vitex is upright and shrubby, while beach vitex is a prostrate, sprawling shrub (Figure 2). This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. These treatments may also damage other broadleaf or grass plants, including some threatened dune species, so it is important to make careful and selective applications. Revised by John D. Byrd Jr., PhD, Extension/Research Professor, and Victor Maddox, PhD, Senior Research Associate, Plant and Soil Sciences. Because of its invasive nature, beach vitex crowds out native dune plants such as sea oats (Uniola latifolia L.), American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern. Habitat description Vitex rotundifolia is an obligate sand dune species (Kim, 2005). 2010). Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Beach vitex, History of beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental (PDF | 2.34 MB). Single plants or scattered populations of beach vitex plants should be mechanically removed from an infested site and properly disposed of to avoid unintentional spread of the plant. 2007. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490. This Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a case in point. YouTube - Beach Vitex: Kudzu of the Coast? Print This Page Beach Vitex Beach Vitex - a Pretty but Invasive Plant Threatening Native Dune Plants and Sea Turtles Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous, woody vine from Japan and Korea that was introduced to the southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980s as an ornamental landscape plant as well as for sand dune stabilization.Along the gulf coast, beach vitex … Beach vitex is a serious threat to native dune plants, nesting sites for sea turtles and foraging and nesting areas for shorebirds from Georgia to Maryland. YouTube; North Carolina Sea Grant. The genus Vitex is not native to the lower 48 states, but several species of the genus are widely planted. ), and seaside panicum (Panicum hemitomon Schult.). Fig. Beach vitex spreading from beach front properties on Pawleys Island, SC. §25-61-19, This site was last modified on: Dec-25-2020 2:32 amhttp://extension.msstate.edu/publications/beach-vitex-vitex-rotundifolia-lf, Weed Scientist/Weed Control - Agronomic and Horticultural Crops and noncropland, STEM – Science Technology Engineering and Math, Thad Cochran Agricultural Leadership Program TCALP, Mississippi County Elections: Election Prep 101, Extension Center for Economic Education and Financial Literacy, Creating Healthy Indoor Childcare Environments, Plant Diseases and Nematode Diagnostic Services, Master Naturalist course begins Sept. 7 in Biloxi, Actively battle invasive cogongrass in the state, Now is the time to spot, treat cogongrass patches, Control resistant weeds before spring planting, Exotic plants produce unwanted fields of white, Selecting Landscape Trees With Special Comments on Invasive and Native Plants, Selecting Landscape Shrubs With Special Comments on Invasive and Native Plants, Legislative Update: Miss. 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