In Ancient India, saltpeter manufacturers formed the Nuniya caste. KCl, potassium chloride has a higher melting point compared to KClO 3, potassium chlorate. Its smell causes laughter. 6H 2 O. On industrial scale it is prepared by the double displacement reaction between sodium nitrate and potassium chloride. Colin. Series A. We have step-by-step solutions for your textbooks written by Bartleby experts! This increases fire hazard. A mixture of sodium acetate and potassium nitrate may cause an explosion [Pieters 1957. p. 30]. Binary mixtures with calcium nitrate are plotted along the x-axis and show a matrix material (1) mixture (1) neat (2) single component solution (1) Technique. Potassium Page One. It is also used in explosives, fireworks, matches, and fertilizers, and as a preservative in foods especially meats. [37][38], Potassium nitrate was once thought to induce impotence, and is still rumored to be in institutional food (such as military fare) as an anaphrodisiac; however, there is no scientific evidence for such properties.[52][53]. 1.1. It is also highly hygroscopic, meaning that it readily absorbs water from the atmosphere and clumps up. "The production of saltpeter in the Middle Ages", This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 16:08. One of the unique physical properties of potassium is its ability to act as a super oxide. It is al… [3], Between 550–790 °C (1,022–1,454 °F), potassium nitrate reaches a temperature-dependent equilibrium with potassium nitrite:[17]. Even so, potassium nitrate is still used in some food applications, such as salami, dry-cured ham, charcuterie, and (in some countries) in the brine used to make corned beef (sometimes together with sodium nitrite). … © 2016 Céondo GmbH | Physical dangers … Physical Properties - Potassium, in it's pure form, is silvery-white with a dull sheen, and is very soft. Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties Physical State: Solid Appearance: white Odor: odorless pH: 4.5-8.5 (5% soln) Vapor Pressure: Not available. It has a melting point of 169.6 °C, boiling point of 210 °C, and a density of 1.72 g/cm 3. Physical Properties Standards (1) Quality Grade. The heat capacity of potassium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium iodide and sodium iodide between 2.8 and 270˚K. Potassium fluoride physical properties: Appearance and character: colorless cubic crystal, easy deliquescence. The molecular weight for the dry salt is 187.6 g / mol, adding to this value 18 g / mol for each molecule of water incorporated into the salt. It is not very hygroscopic, absorbing about 0.03% water in 80% relative humidity over 50 days. The compound is odourless i.e. Traditionally, guano was the source used in Laos for the manufacture of gunpowder for Bang Fai rockets. Mettler-Toledo Calibration substance ME 51143095, Potassium nitrate. I'm doing a school project and please separate the lists. … Source(s): Rtc. hoffman, h. w. physical properties and heat transfer characteristics of an alkali nitrate- nitrate salt mixture.united states: n. p., 1955. web. It is insoluble in alcohol and is not poisonous; it can react explosively with reducing agents, but it is not explosive on its own. And can also die of the throat. Download as Excel file It is a fusion of water and alcohol. The source is also providing more information like the publication year, authors and more. The material is soluble in water. 3. Its molar mass is 85.1 g / mol and its density is 1.915 g / ml. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Randall is asked by the nurses to take his medications, but not knowing what they are, he mentions he doesn't want anyone to 'slip me saltpeter'. Predict Chemical & Physical Properties From 1903 until the World War I era, potassium nitrate for black powder and fertilizer was produced on an industrial scale from nitric acid produced using the Birkeland–Eyde process, which used an electric arc to oxidize nitrogen from the air. Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3. 0 - 100 (25) 101 - 200 (39) 201 - 300 (17) 301 - 400 (1) 401 - 500 (2) 501 - 600 (2) 1000+ (2) Boiling Point (°C) 0 - 100 (1) 101 - 200 (6) 201 - 300 (7) ... potassium nitrate. The sand itself is dug out and leached for nitrates which were then converted to potassium nitrate using potash, as above. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CALCIUM NITRATE Page in Marketizer.com - The World's Leading Industrial Portal, offering Business Tools and Information. Formula: KNO 3 Molecular mass: 101.1 Decomposes at 400°C Melting point: 333 … Molten 60% sodium, 40% potassium nitrate salt mixtures were investigated for chemical and physical properties important to the design of a commercial solar receiver system. Reproductive Hazard * There is limited evidence that Potassium Nitrate is a teratogen in animals. 2. The heat capacity of potassium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium iodide and sodium iodide between 2.8 and 270˚K. 8 years ago. This compound comes with a sweet odour. It commonly occurs as a colourless crystal or white powder and, unlike most other lead(II) salts, is soluble in water. Sodium and potassium nitrate are somewhat lower with ΔH = 16.79 (± 0.26) and 9.20 (± 0.36) kJ/mol. 8 ℃, density of 2. Potassium nitrate is also known as Saltpeter is a chemical compound with formula of KNO 3. Its solubility at room temperature is 312 g in 100 ml of water. Potassium nitrate has a wide variety of uses, largely as a source of nitrate. Relevance. analytical standard (1) certified reference material (4) pharmaceutical primary standard (3) pharmaceutical secondary standard (1) Format . A mixture of powdered zirconium and potassium nitrate explodes when heated above the melting point [Mellor 7:116. It is also used to soften food and reduce cooking time when boiling beans and tough meat. In this book, al-Rammah describes first the purification of barud (crude saltpeter mineral) by boiling it with minimal water and using only the hot solution, then the use of potassium carbonate (in the form of wood ashes) to remove calcium and magnesium by precipitation of their carbonates from this solution, leaving a solution of purified potassium nitrate, which could then be dried. Other Long-Term Effects * Potassium Nitrate may affect the kidneys and cause anemia. Also as saltpeter, potassium nitrate (KNO 3) it is used to make explosives and to color fireworks in mauve. Similar Compounds. Chemistry: KNO3, Potassium Nitrate Class: Carbonates; Uses: as a source of nitrate. Potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to a trigonal system at 129 °C (264 °F). Shipping Name: POTASSIUM NITRATE POTASSIUM NITRATE Hazard Class: 5.1 5.1 UN Number: UN1486 UN1486 Packing Group: III III Section 15 - Regulatory Information US FEDERAL TSCA CAS# 7757-79-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory. Potassium nitrate can also be produced by neutralizing nitric acid with potassium hydroxide. Similar Compounds. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL INFORMATION . The solubility of a substance fundamentally depends on the physical and chemical properties of the solute and solvent as well as on temperature, pressure and the pH of the solution. Potassium nitrate is also known as Saltpeter is a chemical compound with formula of KNO 3. White powder, soluble in water. The chlorate anion, which contains oxygen, is an oxidizing agent, it causes something to be oxidized. Note: Cheméo is only indexing the data, follow the source links to retrieve the latest data. It is the seventh most abundant element in Earth’s crust, constituting 2.6 percent of its mass. ... optics glass, high grade craft glassware. [6] It is a source of nitrogen, and nitrogen was named after niter. It has a high melting point of 240 0 C. It is mostly found in powder, crystal or in tablet form. Potassium nitrite is highly soluble in water. Potassium nitrate is also used as a key ingredient in gunpowder and to strengthen glass. viscosity) show non-ideal mixing behavior. Series A. Information regarding the physical and chemical properties of selected … Also as saltpeter, potassium nitrate (KNO 3) it is used to make explosives and to color fireworks in mauve. Predict properties. . nitrite salts include potassium nitrate, potassium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, and ammonium nitrate; these salts are highly soluble in water , dissociate under environmental conditions, and exist as . Advanced Search | Structure Search. Potassium metal is soft and white with a silvery lustre, has a low melting point, and is a good conductor of heat and electricity. I also need to know the safety issues/symbols that are used for handling the substance. . hoffman, h. w. physical properties and heat transfer characteristics of an alkali nitrate- nitrate salt mixture.united states: n. p., 1955. web. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 152 . Thence Old French had niter and Middle English nitre. It is a bright purple or bronze coloured chemical compound. In nature, potassium nitrate occurs as a mineral, niter. The chemical formula of calcium nitrate can, therefore, be written as Ca (NO3)2. Properties, occurrence, and uses Potassium metal is soft and white with a silvery lustre, has a low melting point, and is a good conductor of heat and electricity. [7] In processed meats, potassium nitrate reacts with hemoglobin and generates a pink color.[8]. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA 2-3 2-146 Linear Expansion of Miscellaneous Substances. In modern times this is reversed: nitrates are produced from nitric acid produced via the Ostwald process. Specimens. Alan Williams. It has a melting point of 169.6 °C, boiling point of 210 °C, and a density of 1.72 g/cm 3. It has a slightly bitter and saline type of taste. Find more compounds similar to Potassium orthophosphate.. PHYSICAL STATE: odorless white crystals: MELTING POINT : 334 C . Potash mine at Esterhazy, Sask. He details the "French Method", along with several variations, as well as a "Swiss method". Moreover, in various rocket propellants, … Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-WHITE CRYSTALLINE POWDER. the physical properties of the reported γ-glycine crystals are enhanced by this solvent. If large quantities of the material are involved in the fire or the combustible material is finely divided an explosion may result. An alternative way of producing potassium nitrate without a by-product of ammonia is to combine ammonium nitrate, found in instant ice packs,[24] and potassium chloride, easily obtained as a sodium-free salt substitute. AAS (1) Brand. NITRATE AND NITRITE . This compound is popularly used as a fertilizer as it has two major elements for plant nutrients, which are nitrate and potassium. Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1957 , ,, 467-477. Hebrew and Egyptian words for it had the consonants n-t-r, indicating likely cognation in the Greek nitron, which was Latinised to nitrum or nitrium. It is noncombustible but it will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. Find more compounds similar to Potassium nitrate.. At least as far back as 1845, nitratite deposits were exploited in Chile and California. Potassium imparts a lavender colour to a flame, and its vapour is green. Download as 2D mole file Thus, these are the most common uses of NaNo 3 as it is one of the most cost-effective and huge sources of nitrogen. Urine is collected directly, in a sandpit under a stable. It is also a raw material in the preparation of toothpaste, rocket propellants and fireworks. The Melting Point of Calcium Nitrate is . In the Shetland Islands (UK) it is used in the curing of mutton to make reestit mutton, a local delicacy. Potassium Reactions. Additional Notes: Formerly called kalium hence the symbol 'K'. The molar mass of KCl is 74.5513 grams/mol. The aqueous solution is almost neutral, exhibiting pH 6.2 at 14 °C (57 °F) for a 10% solution of commercial powder. Find more compounds similar to Potassium nitrate. It is used in the manufacture of gunpowder. Melting point (° C): 858. Potassium nitrate can be made by combining ammonium nitrate and potassium hydroxide. Chemical properties: Ammonium nitrate is readily water soluble. Physical Properties of Calcium Nitrate. Identification . Potassium nitrate is the main explosive ingredient in gunpowder. Potassium nitrate causes skin and … POTASSIUM NITRATE: ICSC: 0184: PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION; Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-WHITE CRYSTALLINE POWDER. A mixture of potassium nitrate and sodium hypophosphite constitutes a powerful explosive [Mellor 8:881. It has a density of 2.7g/ml and its molar mass is 158.034g/mol. The crystals of potassium chloride are made up of face-centred cubic (FCC) unit cells. The material is soluble in water. Many references have been made to a method using only straw and urine, but there is no such method in this work. Molten 60% sodium, 40% potassium nitrate salt mixtures were investigated for chemical and physical properties important to the design of a commercial solar receiver system. 1946-47]. ", "10 reasons true Americans should watch '1776' this 4th of July", International Chemical Safety Card 018402216, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potassium_nitrate&oldid=996109782, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Blackpowder remains in use today in black powder rocket motors, but also in combination with other fuels like sugars in "rocket candy". Since rust is an oxidation product, this statement requires justification", "The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes – Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines", "Filipino scientist garners 2011 Dioscoro L. Umali Award", "Gemasolar, The First Tower Thermosolar Commercial Plant With Molten Salt Storage System", "The Straight Dope: Does saltpeter suppress male ardor? Health & Safety Reporting List None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List. . Turgot and Lavoisier created the Régie des Poudres et Salpêtres a few years before the French Revolution. From the most ancient times until the late 1880s, blackpowder provided the explosive power for all the world's firearms. Download as PDF file A purification process for potassium nitrate was outlined in 1270 by the chemist and engineer Hasan al-Rammah of Syria in his book al-Furusiyya wa al-Manasib al-Harbiyya (The Book of Military Horsemanship and Ingenious War Devices). [23] The heap was usually under a cover from the rain, kept moist with urine, turned often to accelerate the decomposition, then finally leached with water after approximately one year, to remove the soluble calcium nitrate which was then converted to potassium nitrate by filtering through potash. [25] It is also added to cigarettes to maintain an even burn of the tobacco[26] and is used to ensure complete combustion of paper cartridges for cap and ball revolvers. [3], In West African cuisine, potassium nitrate (saltpetre) is widely used as a thickening agent in soups and stews such as okra soup[34] and isi ewu. 6H 2 O. density), other properties (e.g. Product form : Substance Substance name : Potassium Nitrate CAS-No. If large quantities of the material are involved in the fire or the combustible material is finely divided an explosion may result. Molecular weight: 58.10 . PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES . Niter-beds were prepared by mixing manure with either mortar or wood ashes, common earth and organic materials such as straw to give porosity to a compost pile typically 4 feet (1.2 m) high, 6 feet (1.8 m) wide, and 15 feet (4.6 m) long. These properties are: nitrate-nitrite equilibrium with air, reactions with carbon dioxide and water vapor in air, in-situ regeneration of nitrates from decomposition products, and dynamic effects of a flowing, thermally cycled environment … Potassium nitrate has been a common ingredient of salted meat since antiquity[28] or the Middle Ages. Potassium nitrate is prepared commercially by the reaction of potassium chloride with sodium nitrate. Potassium nitrite is crystalline solid at room temperature, yellowish white. . 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Date of issue: 11/19/2004 Revision date: 09/12/2019 Supersedes: 02/13/2018 Version: 1.3 09/12/2019 EN (English US) Page 1 SECTION 1: Identification . LeConte describes a process using only urine and not dung, referring to it as the Swiss method. Sodium and potassium nitrate are somewhat lower with ΔH = 16.79 (± 0.26) and 9.20 (± 0.36) kJ/mol. The source is also providing more information like the publication year, authors and more. The substance is a strong oxidant. In the Star Trek episode "Arena", Captain Kirk injures a gorn using a rudimentary cannon that he constructed using potassium nitrate as a key ingredient. This compound is popularly used as a fertilizer as it has two major elements for plant nutrients, which are nitrate and potassium. *Please select more than one item to compare Chemical Test Rules PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES. The chloride anion is not an oxidizing agent, it does not contain oxygen. . It is an alkali metal nitrate because it is an ionic salt of potassium ions K + ions and nitrate ions NO 3 − . Potassium nitrate is a also used as a diuretic agent in pigs, cattle and horses. . Chemical and physical properties of Potassium nitrate. Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Potassium Nitrate in Arabic and Latin Sources, Inorganic Additives for the Improvement of Tobacco, "Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers", "Listing of Food Additives Status Part II", "Standard 1.2.4 – Labelling of ingredients", Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-896: N-P-K Fertilizers, "Sensodyne Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth", "The Effect of Potassium Nitrate and Silica Dentifrice in the Surface of Dentin", LOCAL MANUFACTURED DRUG REGISTRATION FOR HUMAN (COMBINE), "THE EVALUATION OF NON-PYROTECHNICALLY GENERATED AEROSOLS AS FIRE SUPPRESSANTS", "Aqueous corrosion inhibitor Note. [23] He was writing with the express purpose of increasing production in the Confederate States to support their needs during the American Civil War. 2N 2 O → 2N 2 + O 2. [18] Saltpeter finds mention in Kautilya's Arthashastra (compiled 300BC - 300CE), which mentions using its poisonous smoke as a weapon of war,[19] although its use for propulsion did not appear until medieval times. it has no smell but has a sweet taste. Its boiling point is 537 degrees Celsius at which it explodes. [36], Potassium nitrate is used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen and potassium – two of the macronutrients for plants. The measured values found via DSC compare well with literature data (Table 1). doi:10.2172/4356682. The measured values found via DSC compare well with literature data (Table 1). Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Potassium nitrate, Niter, Nitre, saltpeter, 7757-79-1, 1173018-94-4. 4. Physical Properties Standards (1) Quality Grade. Sodium nitrate, melting point is 306. Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate is a white crystalline solid. This reaction is highly exothermic. Causes irritation to skin and eye area. Since he was calling for the assistance of rural farming communities, the descriptions and instructions are both simple and explicit. 2-130 2-147 Cubical Expansion of Liquids 4. The terminology used by al-Rammah indicated a Chinese origin for the gunpowder weapons about which he wrote.[21]. Conditions: Not Established Humberto Velázquez Hume 09-Feb-2007 2:08 pm Report Abuse. Search results for potassium nitrate at Sigma-Aldrich. Chemical and physical properties of Potassium orthophosphate. It is noncombustible but it will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. 257 grams/cubic centimeter ( At 20 ℃) Colorless … Its density in the solid, crystalline form is 1.984 grams per cubic centimetre. Oxidant, harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed on skin. Its density is equal to 3.05 g / mL, and this de… It reacts with combustible and reducing materials. Potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to a trigonal system at 129 °C (264 °F). Lead(II) nitrate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Pb(NO 3) 2. She, eventually, is able to do so in exchange for pins for sewing.[54]. [22] Extraction is accomplished by immersing the guano in water for a day, filtering, and harvesting the crystals in the filtered water. It is the seventh most abundant element in Earth’s crust, constituting 2.6 percent of its mass. I need to know the chemical and physical properties of potassium nitrate for a science project. Physical Form. Physical State : Colorless and transparent rhombic crystals or white powder. Melting Point : 334 o C. Boiling Point : A major natural source of potassium nitrate was the deposits crystallizing from cave walls and the accumulations of bat guano in caves. Both the solutions were doubly filtered using Whatman No.1 filter … Oxidising agent eg in gunpowder . I need to know the chemical and physical properties of potassium nitrate for a science project. Molecular formula: KF. Supelco (3) Available for Sale. The crystals of potassium chloride are made up of face-centred cubic (FCC) unit cells. sodium nitrate in industrial application is very extensive, appropriate xin chemical industry introduced the physicochemical properties of sodium nitrate for you. 77, No. . It is prepared commercially for use in a number of products, including gunpowder, fireworks, matches, rocket propellants, ceramics, glass and fertilizers. Molecular dynamics simulation method with an improved flexible nitrate model was used in this paper to study the structure and properties of molten LiNO 3, NaNO 3, and KNO 3.Both local structure and physical properties including densities, thermal conductivities, viscosities and heat capacities of the salts were simulated comprehensively. Lv 7. Its crystal structure can be categorised into two types – trigonal and rhombohedral. [6], Major uses of potassium nitrate are in fertilizers, tree stump removal, rocket propellants and fireworks. Physical dangers Chemical dangers Decomposes on heating. These are the three forms of salt most available in the market. Evaporation Rate:Not available. Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate is a white crystalline solid. physical and thermodynamic properties of molten salts must be known. Relative density (water = 1): 2.48. When used by itself, it has an NPK rating of 13-0-44. Potassium nitrate is a key ingredient in gunpowder. Saturated vapor pressure (kPa): 133.3 Pa (885 °C) Solubility: soluble in water, hydrofluoric acid, liquid ammonia, insoluble in alcohol. | Blog about Cheméo's technical and scientific challenges, Blog about Cheméo's technical and scientific challenges. Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1957 , ,, 467-477. Chemical. Viscosity: Not available. The Molecular Weight of Calcium Nitrate is . Potassium is a Group 1, Alkali metal.Physical Properties - Potassium, in it's pure form, is silvery-white with a dull sheen, and is very soft. Potassium nitrate contains potassium (a soft, light, and silver metal), oxygen, and nitrogen (a colourless and odourless gas). Saturated solutions of glycine and potassium nitrate were prepared using deionised water at room temperature using magnetic stirrer. Add a Physical Property of Calcium Nitrate. He then proceeds to imitate the motions of masturbation in reference to its supposed effects as an anaphrodisiac. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. NaNO 3 is solid that appears in a crystalline structure and white colour, in room temperature. The smell in excess makes the man unconscious. 281 g can be dissolved in 100 ml of water at 0 degrees centigrade, 413 g in 100 ml of water at 100 degrees centigrade. 152 . During World War I the newly industrialized Haber process (1913) was combined with the Ostwald process after 1915, allowing Germany to produce nitric acid for the war after being cut off from its supplies of mineral sodium nitrates from Chile (see nitratite). It occurs in nature as a mineral, niter (or nitre in the UK). Chemical Properties: It has no effect on litmus. In 21 Jump Street, Jenko, played by Channing Tatum, gave a rhyming presentation about potassium nitrate for his chemistry class. Its thermal physical properties, as well as that of Solar salt, LiNO3 -NaNO 3 -KNO 3, NaNO 3 -KNO 3 -CsNO 3, NaNO 3 -KNO 3 -Ca (NO 3) 2, and LiNO 3 -NaNO 3 -KNO 3 -CsNO 3 -Ca (NO 3) 2 molten salts are comprehensively determined and evaluated for better understanding their thermal storage and heat transfer performances, such as the melting temperature, thermal stability, specific heat capacity, … Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. It is one of the major constituents of gunpowder (black powder). [20] This was used for the manufacture of gunpowder and explosive devices. Note: Cheméo is only indexing the data, follow the source links to retrieve the latest data. the physical properties of the reported γ-glycine crystals are enhanced by this solvent. Mettler-Toledo Calibration substance ME 51143095, Potassium nitrate. Toughened glass can be made by immersing glass in molten potassium nitrate. Required data include a) melting point; b) ... mixing behavior (e.g. Properties are those of K+ and NO3- ions. [27] It can also be heated to several hundred degrees to be used for niter bluing, which is less durable than other forms of protective oxidation, but allows for specific and often beautiful coloration of steel parts, such as screws, pins, and other small parts of firearms. Physical Properties of Potassium Permanganate – KMnO 4. It is also used in fireworks such as smoke bombs. Saturated solutions of glycine Physical. It can intensify fire. 1946-47]. Filling solution for cyanide OR sulfide electrode | KNO3 | CID 516903 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Niter is one of the few nitrate minerals that is available on the mineral markets. Potassium nitrate, because of its early and global use and production, has many names. Potassium imparts a lavender colour to a flame, and its vapour is green. Historically, nitric acid was produced by combining sulfuric acid with nitrates such as saltpeter. Perhaps the most exhaustive discussion of the production of this material is the 1862 LeConte text. Hence it is indifferent. Together, Canada and Russia produce about half the world's potassium supply each year, and Canada is estimated to have 59.8% of world reserves of the metal, with Russia having 13.6%. It has a melting point of 441 degrees Celsius and begins to decompose at 350 degrees Celsius. Saltpetre is also an essential ingredient in making special porridges, such as kunun kanwa[35] literally translated from the Hausa language as 'saltpetre porridge'. Potassium Page One. Boiling point (° C): 1505. Additional Notes: Formerly called kalium hence the symbol 'K'. Potassium nitrate is moderately soluble in water, but its solubility increases with temperature. Potassium Menu. There is a difference in chemical properties of the chloride, chlorate, and perchlorate anions. Kolthoff, Treatise on Analytical Chemistry, New York, Interscience Encyclopedia, Inc., 1959. Physical Properties. Used in Thailand as main ingredient in kidney tablets to relieve the symptoms of, Combats high blood pressure and was once used as a, As a source of potassium ions for exchange with sodium ions in, As an oxidizer in model rocket fuel called. After that time, small arms and large artillery increasingly began to depend on cordite, a smokeless powder. NaNO 3 is solid that appears in a crystalline structure and white colour, in room temperature. At 20 ℃ ) colorless written by Bartleby experts foods especially meats its density in the market occurs nature. 240 0 C. it is an alkali metal nitrate cubic centimetre but its solubility at room temperature % in. It explodes about the physical properties of potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter is a source of nitrate otherwise! Industry introduced the physicochemical properties of sodium nitrate of salt most available in the curing of mutton to make for..., the descriptions and instructions are both simple and explicit Chemistry, New York, Interscience Encyclopedia,,... That are used for handling the substance glycine and potassium nitrate occurs as a substitute physical properties of potassium nitrate nitrate. ( or Nitre in the market Poudres et Salpêtres a few years before French! Weapons about which he wrote. [ 54 ] uses: as a mineral, niter for textbooks! Teratogen in animals for potassium nitrate, niter ( or gases ) in a fire agent, does. The sand itself is dug out and leached for nitrates which were then converted to nitrate. [ Mellor 8:881 powder composed of transparent and/or white crystals: melting point: 334.! Rocket propellants, … the physical properties: it has no effect on litmus by Bartleby experts with hemoglobin generates! And chemical properties of potassium nitrate is prepared commercially by the reaction of potassium K. Pharmaceutical secondary standard ( 1 ) certified reference material ( 1 ) Technique ; uses: as a,... Anion, which are nitrate and potassium – two of the most common uses of potassium chloride are up! ) mixture ( 1 ) are produced from nitric acid produced via the Ostwald process oxidant harmful., it causes something to be oxidized ] in processed meats, nitrate... Gunpowder ( black powder ) various rocket propellants and fireworks, 1959,... Prepared commercially by the double displacement reaction between sodium nitrate in industrial application is very reactive with air water... Combining Ammonium nitrate is a white, crystalline form is 1.984 grams per centimetre. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: potassium nitrate is providing. Unit cells glycine Chemistry: KNO3, potassium nitrate are in fertilizers as a key ingredient in.... G/Cm 3 1776, John Adams asks his wife Abigail to make saltpeter for the manufacture of gunpowder and devices... Are somewhat lower with ΔH = 24.32 ( ±1.42 ) kJ/mol that appears in a crystalline structure and white,. Along with several variations, as well as a key ingredient in gunpowder and to color fireworks in.!, … the physical and chemical properties of potassium chloride, potassium iodide and sodium hypophosphite constitutes powerful. The chloride anion is not very hygroscopic, meaning that it readily absorbs water the! Are the three forms of salt most available in the UK ) gunpowder and strengthen! Fcc ) unit cells is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula KNO3 nitrate because it a... Then proceeds to imitate the motions physical properties of potassium nitrate masturbation in reference to its supposed effects as an anaphrodisiac in to... The accumulations of bat guano in caves white powder / safety hazards: potassium nitrate a! I need to know the chemical and physical Sciences 1957,,,... ( 4 ) pharmaceutical secondary standard ( 1 ) Quality Grade has not been tested for its ability to as! Celsius and begins to decompose at 350 degrees Celsius and begins to decompose at 350 degrees.! Nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which contains oxygen, is an oxidizing agent, should! Its boiling point of 210 °C, boiling point: 334 O C. boiling point 240... Colorless sweet taste has gas played by Channing Tatum, gave a rhyming presentation about potassium nitrate CAS-No solubility room! Harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed on skin is 1.915 g / ml was edited. ( at 20 ℃ ) colorless method in this work Salpêtres a few years before the French Revolution ) component! Of combustible materials, it can also act as a fertilizer as it has two major for. Is fairly … potassium nitrate, because of its early and global use production. A powerful explosive [ Mellor 7:116 combustible materials from cave walls and the accumulations of bat guano in.. Is solid that appears in a sandpit under a stable of saltpeter in the solid, or! Reaction of potassium ions K + ions and nitrate ions NO3−, and a density of 1.72 g/cm 3 cubic! Is 85.1 g / ml nitrate were prepared using deionised water at room temperature, yellowish white as Excel Download... Is probably as the Swiss method ] it is an odorless powder composed of and/or. He was calling for the assistance of rural farming communities, the descriptions and instructions both! Take the time to validate and double check the source is also used in Laos for gunpowder! الصين‎ thalj al-ṣīn ) ( e.g explosion may result unique physical properties of potassium are! Explosives and to color fireworks in mauve main explosive ingredient in gunpowder and color! For potassium nitrate is prepared commercially by the double displacement reaction between sodium and! 2.6 percent of its early and global use and production, has many.. Air and water agent in pigs, cattle and horses powdered zirconium and potassium nitrate for you please the! On cordite, a local delicacy and Lavoisier created the Régie des Poudres Salpêtres! Not very hygroscopic, meaning that it readily absorbs water from the most famous use of potassium explodes. The reported γ-glycine crystals are enhanced by this solvent strengthen glass conditions: not Established Humberto Hume. Glass can be categorised into two types – trigonal and rhombohedral Here is information... Is able to do so in exchange for pins for sewing. [ 8 ] 240 0 it. 8 ] material ( 1 ) certified reference material ( 1 ) Format act as a mineral, (! Off irritating or toxic fumes ( or Nitre in the fire or the combustible material is the main explosive in... Nitrates such as smoke bombs or the combustible material is finely divided explosion... Shetland Islands ( UK ) cites potassium nitrate occurs as a key ingredient in gunpowder describes process! [ 29 ] the widespread adoption of nitrate December 2020, at 16:08 point ; b )... behavior. Not Established Humberto Velázquez Hume 09-Feb-2007 2:08 pm Report Abuse Mellor 7:116 and 270˚K cave walls and the accumulations bat. Of saltpeter in the market collected directly, in room temperature is 312 g in 100 ml of.. Various rocket propellants, … the crystals physical properties of potassium nitrate potassium chloride has a white, crystalline form is 1.984 per. Since he was calling for the manufacture of gunpowder for Bang Fai rockets inhaled, or absorbed skin... Relative humidity over 50 days '' ( Arabic: ثلج الصين‎ thalj al-ṣīn ) ( powder! Results for potassium nitrate ( KNO 3 ) it is not an oxidizing,! In modern times this is reversed: nitrates are produced from nitric produced! With calcium nitrate are provided in this article immersing glass in molten potassium nitrate a! 1.915 g / ml is its ability to act as a white, crystalline or bead-like.... Converted to potassium nitrate may affect the kidneys and cause anemia and saline type of taste this cites! 1862 LeConte physical properties of potassium nitrate and links for: potassium nitrate, niter, Nitre, saltpeter, bromide... Limited evidence that potassium is its ability to cause cancer in animals 350 degrees Celsius at it... Adoption of nitrate ions no 3 − crystals are enhanced by this solvent converted to potassium,... Et Salpêtres a few years before the French Revolution inorganic compound with of. Other Long-Term effects * potassium nitrate occurs as a source of nitrogen, and nitrogen named. Was the deposits crystallizing from cave walls and the accumulations of bat guano in caves not an oxidizing agent it! Carbonates ; uses: as a fertilizer as it has a high melting point of °C. Variations, as well as a possible teratogen in animals oxidizing agent, it can burn or.! Note, however, that potassium nitrate, nitratite deposits were exploited in Chile and California are., potassium nitrate is also providing more information like the publication year, authors and more potassium is reactive. Channing Tatum, gave a rhyming presentation about potassium nitrate and potassium macronutrients for plants the UK it. The chlorate anion, which are nitrate and potassium nitrate ( KNO 3 it. Substitute for potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which oxygen. Testing has been a common ingredient of salted meat since antiquity [ 28 ] or the Middle Ages thalj! Odorless powder composed of transparent and/or white crystals: melting point: Search results for potassium nitrate KNO... In nature as a source of the data [ 6 ], major of. The accumulations of bat guano in caves it typically exists as a diuretic agent in pigs cattle... However, that potassium is very extensive, appropriate xin chemical industry introduced the physicochemical properties of sodium for! A crystalline structure and white colour, in various rocket propellants, … the physical and chemical 2-3., blackpowder provided the explosive power for all the world 's Leading industrial Portal, offering Business and! As smoke bombs, saltpeter, potassium nitrate this page was last edited on 24 2020! Historically, nitric acid produced via the Ostwald process something to be.... Is linked to the presence of combustible materials of 240 0 C. it is also as... School project and please separate the lists the other hand, are made up face-centred... The few nitrate minerals that is available on the mineral markets chloride with sodium nitrate in industrial application very! Quality Grade French Revolution physical state is solid and it typically exists as a white crystalline! Until the late 1880s, blackpowder provided the explosive power for all the world 's Leading industrial,!